The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes is a collection of Sherlock Holmes stories, originally published in 1894, by Arthur Conan Doyle.
The twelve stories (eleven in American editions) of the Memoirs are: "Silver Blaze" Clients: none "The Adventure of the Cardboard Box" (this story is in His Last Bow in American editions of the canon) Client: Susan Cushing "The Adventure of the Yellow Face" Client: Grant Munro "The Adventure of the Stockbroker's Clerk" Client: Hall Pycroft "The Adventure of the Gloria Scott" Client: Victor Trevor "The Adventure of the Musgrave Ritual" Client: Reginald Musgrave "The Adventure of the Reigate Squire" Clients: none "The Adventure of the Crooked Man" Client: Major Murphy "The Adventure of the Resident Patient" Client: Arguably Dr Percy Trevelyan (Trevelyan was sent to Sherlock Holmes by Mr. Blessington) "The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter" Client: Mr. Melas "The Adventure of the Naval Treaty" Client: Percy Phelps "The Final Problem" Clients: none The first London edition of the Memoirs in 1894 did not include "The Adventure of the Cardboard Box", although all twelve stories had appeared in the Strand Magazine.
The first U.S. edition did include the story, but it was very quickly replaced with a revised edition that omitted it.
The reasoning behind the suppression is unclear. In Britain the story was apparently removed at Doyle's request as it included adultery and so was unsuitable for younger readers. This may have also been the cause for the rapid removal of the story from the U.S. edition, and some sources state that the publishers believed the story was too scandalous for the American public.
As a result, this story was not republished in the U.S. until many years later, when it was added to His Last Bow. Even today, most American editions of the canon include it with His Last Bow, while most British editions keep the story in its original place in The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. Additionally, when the story was removed from the Memoirs, its opening pages, where Holmes emulates Dupin, were transferred to the beginning of "The Adventure of the Resident Patient".
In some later U.S. editions of the Memoirs, which still omit "The Adventure of the Cardboard Box", this transfer still appears.
About the Author
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle KGStJ, DL (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a Scottish physician and writer who is most noted for his fictional stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered milestones in the field of crime fiction. He is also known for writing the fictional adventures of a second character he invented, Professor Challenger, and for popularising the mystery of the Mary Celeste.
He was a prolific writer whose other works include fantasy and science fiction stories, plays, romances, poetry, non-fiction, and historical novels.
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